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Thyroid issues are becoming more common in this age. The common culprits are considered to be pollution and unhealthy lifestyle. They create various imbalances and disturbances in the system which leads to many issues which also include problems related to the thyroid gland. 

The thyroid gland is a part of the endocrine system which produces thyroid hormone. This hormone, in turn, regulates various functions of the body like the renewal of cells, metabolism, growth, etc.

Although there is no cure for thyroid disease since it is a chronic ailment. However, Ayurvedic treatments, some lifestyle & diet tips help to regulate it naturally and effectively.

Today we are going to look at some common thyroid issues that you should be aware of and take care of yourself accordingly.

1. Hypothyroidism

This is one of the most common types of thyroid problems that is dominant in the world. This happens when the thyroid gland produces less hormones than the required levels. 

The underlying causes of hypothyroidism are considered to be Hashimoto’s disease (an auto-immune disease) along with hyperthyroidism treatment and several medications used to treat cancer and psychological disorders. The common symptoms of this disease include:

  • Fatigue 
  • Depression
  • Weight gain
  • Weakness 
  • Muscle ache
  • Constipation
  • Dry and flaky skin
  • Feeling cold
  • Slower heart rate

Generally, thyroid hormones are given to the patient to stabilize his or her hormone levels. Apart from that, he or she is recommended to follow a healthy routine and diet.

2. Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is just the opposite of hypothyroidism: the thyroid gland produces more hormones than the required levels. Again it is more common in women than men; however, it happens to 1% of women only.

The major cause behind hyperthyroidism is considered to be Grave’s disease along with Goiter. The common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are the following:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Nervousness
  • Shaking
  • Increased sweating
  • Brittle hair and nails
  • Muscle weakness 
  • Bulging eyes (caused by Grave’s disease)

3. Hashimoto’s Disease

It is an autoimmune disease that attacks the thyroid gland. In an autoimmune disease, the immune system mistakes healthy cells for invaders or foreign bodies and attacks them. Hashimoto’s disease leads to chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland as the immune system mistakes it for a foreign invader or pathogen. This inflammation is otherwise known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. It is more common in women than in men.

This disease also leads to hypothyroidism as we discussed earlier. The symptoms may not be apparent when the condition is mild or in its early stages. It progresses over the years and leads to serious thyroid damage. 

Its symptoms include the following:

  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in the throat (caused by Goiter)
  • Mild weight gain
  • Drying and thinning of hair
  • Cold intolerance
  • Pale and puffy face
  • Dry skin

4. Grave’s Disease

It is another autoimmune disease which leads to hyperthyroidism. Unlike its counterpart Hashimoto’s disease, it damages the thyroid gland and causes overproduction of thyroid hormones.

It is considered to be a genetic disease which can develop at any age in women or men. However, it is more common in women than in men. Its symptoms are similar to hyperthyroidism:

  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulting in sleeping
  • Bulging eyes 
  • Increased heartbeats
  • Irregular periods

5. Goitre

Goitre is generally caused by hyperthyroidism and iodine deficiency. In this condition, the thyroid gland becomes larger due to which the neck region becomes swollen. This enlargement is non-cancerous in nature.

This disease can affect anyone at any age, specifically in the regions where food items lack sufficient iodine. However, women who are above 40 years of age are affected by it more commonly.

The symptoms of Goiter are the following:

  • Swelling in the neck
  • Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
  • Coughing and wheezing
  • Abnormal voice changes

This disease isn’t a cause of concern, but it can cause severe complications if left untreated. Often goitre is caused by hyperthyroidism. 

Thyroid Nodules  

This disease can be caused by Hashimoto’s disease and iodine deficiency, but the exact causes are still unknown. These nodules can be solid or fluid-filled, and they generally do not cause any symptoms. However, sometimes they can be cancerous in nature on a small scale. 

They can be observed in iodine sufficient regions, and more in women than men. The risk of this disease increases with age in both genders. 

Sometimes these thyroid nodules secrete hormones in the bloodstream. Which are more than the required levels and lead to the following symptoms:

  • Tremors
  • Weight Loss
  • Clammy (slimy, unpleasant) skin
  • Increased hunger 
  • Increased pulse rate
  • Nervousness

These nodules are not dangerous generally, and they don’t need any treatment. However, treatment is recommended when they become excessively large to shrink them.

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