Most networks, if not all, depend on internationally accepted standards when it comes to cabling infrastructure. This is done to ensure that networks continue to deliver consistent and reliable performance. There are several different things that these standards cover, including Ethernet cable construction as well as details concerning both physical and cable connections with devices. If these things are not taken into consideration or acted upon, networks can experience a significant loss in data and reduction in performance. This makes choosing the right Ethernet cable with the required specifications all the more important for an application.

If you choose cabling that doesn’t come with the desired specs, you will be seeing a lot of instances of intermittent connections and dropped packets. This could be a very big problem for data networks that are only used for transferring files or streaming videos – it could take an age for files to transfer or for videos to transfer if you don’t choose the right cable for the job.

Ethernet cable construction

Before we talk anything about the construction of Ethernet cables and what equipment is mostly used for making them, let’s start by mentioning the two most important factors that make two Ethernet cables different from each other. These two factors are data transfer speed and system frequency. So, whenever you are choosing an Ethernet cable for an application keeping in mind its performance, make sure that you don’t forget about these two things. After identifying these requirements, make the selection based entirely on your application’s needs.

The construction of Ethernet cable is done as such that it allows data to be transferred at higher speeds at different frequencies without the risk of signal interference and crosstalk. Different equipment, such as cable stranding machines twisting machines are used to ensure that Ethernet cables get those properties that make them suitable for different networks and applications.

If LAN cable making machines aren’t used the right way or the machine that you are using isn’t the right machine, the quality of the Ethernet cable coming out of this process could be highly compromised. This cable could impact system performance in the wrong way, bring up crosstalk problems, and create signal integrity issues.

How do different Ethernet cables counter these issues?

CAT5e and CAT6a Ethernet cables come with a spline at the centre that outs wire pairs apart from each other, which helps in bringing down signal interference. On the other hand, CAT 6a cables are additionally twisted to limit crosstalk issues further.

CAT7 Ethernet cables perform at even higher frequencies and speeds than others that are mentioned above. It works at such extreme environments by shielding its pairs, and thus protecting signal integrity and reducing crosstalk. This is the reason CAT7 is considered the best solution for a variety of applications, such as low skew videos.

There are several EWIS tests that Ethernet cables have to undergo to be considered suitable for use. Some of these tests include abrasion, jacket blocking, cold bend, and thermal shock, amongst others.