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What is a coronavirus and when it has been discovered

Coronavirus was firstly discovered in the late 1960s. The earliest ones of them discovered were an infectious bronchitis virus in some chickens and two in few human patients with the common cold or fever which were later named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43. Other members of this family have since going to be identified, In addition of SARS-CoV in 2003, HCoV NL63 in 2004, HKU1 in 2005, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 it’s formerly known as 2019-nCoV in 2019. Most of these are going to be involved with serious respiratory tract infections.


Its name “coronavirus” has been derived from Latin word corona, which means “crown” or “wreath”, itself also borrowing from Greek word κορώνη korṓnē, “garland, and wreath”. That name is referred to the character and appearance of versions with the help of electron microscopy, which possess a fringe of large, bulbous surface projections that creates an image reminding of a crown or of a solar corona. This morphology has been created by the viral spike peplomers, those are proteins on the surface of the virus.


It is advised to stay at home if you have either:

A high temperature – this means you are feeling hot to touch (you do not require to measure your temperature)

another thing is continuous cough – this means coughing a lot for more than an hour continuously, or 3 or more coughing episodes within 24 hours (if you usually have a cough, it might be worse than usual)

Do not need to go to a GP surgery, hospital or pharmacy.

Best way is to use the 111 online coronavirus service to find out what to do.

Use the 111 coronavirus service


Just call 111 if you cannot get help online.

How long to stay at home

  • If you find symptoms of coronavirus in yourself, you would be recommended to stay at home for 7 days
  • If you live with someone who has symptoms as he is a victim of coronavirus, you are advised to stay at home for 14 days from the day the first person in the home started finding symptoms
  • If you live with someone who is 70 or above, having a long-term condition, is pregnant or has a weak immunity system, try to find somewhere else for them to stay for at least 14 days.
  • If you have to stay at home together due to some reasons, try to stay away from each other as much as possible.

Read our advice about staying at home.

How to avoid to catch and spread coronavirus with social distancing

Everyone should do the best what they can to stop spreading coronavirus.

It is particularly significant for people who:

  • Are 70 or above
  • Having a long-term condition
  • Are pregnant
  • Have a weak immunity system


  • Randomly wash your hands with soap and water– do this for minimum 20 seconds
  • Keep your hands clean and make use of sanitizer.
  • Cover your mouth and nose, not your hands instead of that with a tissue or your sleeve when you either cough or sneeze.
  • Put used tissues into the dustbin immediately and afterward wash your hands.
  • Avoid close contact with those people having symptoms of coronavirus.
  • Only travel on public transport if it is required.
  • Work from home if it is possible.
  • Avoid social activities, such as going to pubs, family functions and marriages
  • Avoid going to events with a huge gathering of people
  • Use your phone, online services, or apps if you need to contact your GP surgery or other NHS services



Do not touch your nose, eyes or mouth if dirty or unhygienic hands.

Do not have a rush of visitors to your home, including friends and family

If you’re at high risk

The NHS would contact you from Monday 23 March 2020 if you are found at significantly at extreme risk of getting seriously ill with coronavirus. You would be given specific advice about what to do.

Do not get in contact with your GP or healthcare team at this stage – you are advised to wait to be contacted.

Who is at risk?

How coronavirus is spread

As it’s a new illness, we peoples do not know exactly how coronavirus spreads from person to person.

Similar viruses could be spread in cough droplets.

It’s very differently it could be spread through things like packages or food.

Pregnancy advice

If you’re pregnant and worried about coronavirus you could get advice and recommendation from the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Travel advice

There are some countries and territories where there is a high chance of coming into contact with someone with coronavirus.  No doubt coronavirus is dangerous but you can’t stay at home. With all the precautions traveling is also necessary as you can’t cancel your important business trip, you can’t make your kids bored staying at home considering all these circumstances special hotel coupons are there for you. So it’s time to forget the stress and chill without fear of terrible bill

If you’re planning to travel abroad and are concerned about coronavirus as well, take advice and recommendation for travelers on GOV.UK.

Treatment for coronavirus

Currently, there is no any kind of specific treatment for coronavirus. Antibiotics cannot help, as they do not fight against viruses. You would be advised to stay in isolation and away from other people until you have completely recovered.

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