Lovely hair is a sign of health and beauty. A person as a result of thinning hair or their complete loss is experiencing
psychological trauma. Aesthetic surgery will help to solve this trouble. What is the essence of hair transplants
Microsurgical transplantation or hair transplantation is an operation in which the patient takes the donor’s hair and resides at the site of hair loss and thinning. As a rule, the transferred hair takes root in a new place and increases further.
Indications for surgery
Hair transplant surgery is intended for patients who suffer from baldness, but who have sufficient donor hair at the same time. Hair transplantation is necessary for men with hair loss and hair loss as a result of the success of a certain age, and (or) as a result of heredity and (or) hormonal transformations in the body. The surgery may have been recommended by a doctor after suffering a personal trauma and burns through which the process of hair loss began.
In women, more often there is a uniform hair thinning as a result of age, or the transformation of the hormonal
background as a result of menopause. In this case, the operation is not prescribed so that the hair is thinning evenly
throughout the head, and prescribe medicines that may not allow thinning hair, but cannot grow them again.
Thanks to the advances in modern medicine, many women and men can be helped through transplants. And now hair transplantation is no longer carried out by the "square-nest" method.
Contraindications to surgery
There are no unconditional contraindications to a hair transplant. The only and main contraindication to surgery may be the intolerance of any component of local anesthesia.
The course of the operation
The operation is quite long and is performed under local anesthesia.
The first stage of the operation is to fence a donor piece of skin. First, prepare the place from which the skin flap will be taken. The hair in the occipital part of the head is trimmed so that its length does not exceed two millimeters. Then a small strip of skin is cut from there. The enlightened wound is sewn with cosmetic threads. Usually, there is a small scar later in this place.
The second stage of the operation is to prepare the material to be transplanted. This is a very difficult and painstaking job when you need to carefully and carefully separate the hair follicles from the surrounding tissues. Because the hair bulb is very easy to damage. From the obtained skin strip distinguish micrographs with 1-2 hair follicles and mini graphs with 3-4 hair follicles. In the process of this work, you can get up to 2.5thousand pieces. small transplants. In addition, micrographs are used more often than mini graphs, so it allows you to create a natural hairline.
The third stage is in the process of preparing the site of baldness. The classic method of transplantation is based on the use of a micro scalpel. There are as many openings in the bald spot as the transplants have been prepared. The holes are made using a micro scalpel that leaves a slit-like micro-incision. In these micro-incisions, the grafts are well fixed and compared to the skin edges. Using grafts made up of one hair creates a soft hairline. Creating the same sightline of hair requires a lot of skills and artistic shaking of the doctor. Here it is extremely important to plan everything very accurately and correctly. And graffiti consists of 2-3 hairs, usually arranged to line up the hairline, so they supply a gradual increase in the volume of hair, that is, their density.
The laser transplant method is based on the use of a laser. With this technology, a laser beam in a split second burn the fabric and grafts are implanted in this place. The advantage of the laser method over the classic one is that there is no bleeding in the cuts and the computer itself makes the laser a hole of the right size, depth, and angle. Similarly, the attachment of the following grafts does not alienate the already invested ones. The laser method reduces the operation time by one third.
Hair transplantation can be performed both in the lying and
the sitting position of the patient.
The postoperative period
A sterile bandage is placed at the site of the operation, which is removed after two days. The bandage prevents the origin of edema in the area of operation. In the places of nesting, grafts appear small crusts, which disappear themselves after a few weeks. The patient himself returns to life five days after the operation. The sutures will be removed from the skin flap in 14days. Immediately, the transplant scar will have a pink color, and after a while, their color will be the same as the surrounding skin.
Since hair grows a month no more than 1.5 centimeters, and then evaluate the results of a hair transplant should be in four months. At the same time, it is necessary to emphasize that hair gradually becomes more and more thick and dense. Therefore, the final result of the operation is evaluated only one year after the hair transplant. If the patient needs a second operation in previously conducted areas of baldness or a new one, then it is not necessary to wait the whole year, six months is enough.
Consequences of hair transplant
Because the surgery is not complicated and is performed under local anesthesia, it has no negative consequences. Hair transplantation – surgery is absolutely painless. That is why it is so popular nowadays.