Organ transplantation has proven to be one of the greatest achievements in the field of medical science. The realization of the miraculous possibilities that come with transplantation has been formidable. The medical science was seeing a tremendous advancement in the 1900s. After a few unsuccessful attempts, in the late 90s, the doctors were able to successfully transplant delicate and critical organs like lungs and heart. It was August 1994, when the doctors were able to perform a successful heart transplant in India. This was a huge breakthrough in the medical field, post which, the transplantation could offer the promise of critical organ treatments and restoring lives.
A heart transplant is a major surgical operation, with a 60-70% success rate. The operation requires a patient to have a strong immune system so that the heart can survive as many numbers of years as it can. With the surgery, there are rejection risks involved, where the body rejects the foreign organ into the body and tries to fight it. To prevent this, the body is induced with anti-rejection medicines, to make it susceptible to the new organ. With the transplant, there are other risks involved like infection, body weakness, etc. To prevent the major risks, regular follow-ups and check-ups are done, to ensure that the body is kept away from any kind of risk.
A heart transplant is a turnaround point in the patient’s life. It comes with several challenges but offers a chance to experience life with a new perspective. Several studies have been conducted to understand the life experiences and the routine behaviour of heart recipients after transplant surgery.
It is a known fact that a transplanted heart survives for 5-10 years. This time is seen as the golden years by the patients, and it significantly changes his life and how he sees the world. There are a lot of challenges of routine check-ups, and regular intake of strong medicines to keep the running. It is seen that nearly 85% of the patients feel much better after the surgery, and start indulging themselves in the activities they enjoy the most, like singing, dancing, cooking or some even go on to enjoy their sports routine. However, one needs to strictly follow all the health and lifestyle advice by the physician, so that the heart can be protected from any kind of stress. While the initial days after transplant can prove to be unpleasant, the later days are always enjoyed by the patients. Even after 10 years of surgery, the quality of life is relatively higher than it was before the surgery, as the patient becomes well aware of the importance of eating a healthy and nutritious diet.
While several researchers have found that the patients of age 55 and younger have a greater chance of 10 or more years of life expectancy than older patients, as their immune system is stronger. Today people with heart problems are becoming aware of the survival chance that is offered with a successful heart transplant in India, the need for this surgery has gone significantly higher over the last 5 years. However, due to an acute shortage of organ donors, the sheer need for a heart transplant in India has exceeded the supply of organs. With the advancement in medical science, a greater number of people are becoming aware of the importance of donating organs and the number of donors is increasing every day.