Hypothyroidism is general is a condition in the human body that stops the ability of your thyroid glands to produce enough thyroid hormones. Among other glands in the body, the thyroid is situated near the base of the neck that produces hormones that help regulate the metabolism. Hypothyroidism in children, infants, and adults is pretty common.
Though there are a lot of hormonal changes that occur in your body, hypothyroidism shouldn’t be avoided since these can lead to a slow down of the human body functions. The main reason this occurs because the thyroid hormone is not being stimulated properly.
Hypothyroidism in Infants
Though this disease is commonly found in middle-aged adults and old people. There is a time when it can occur in infants and children as well. The most common factor that this might happen is because there are some infants that are born without the thyroid glans or their gland doesn’t function properly.
Symptoms in Infants
- Jaundice where the skin turns yellow along with the eyes
- Infants with hypothyroidism are often choking
- Their faces are puffy or on a regular basis.
- They have to go through constipation more than regular.
Symptoms in Children
In the case of children & teens, the symptoms are more severe.
- Most children with such disease will have short stature and poor growth in general.
- They will go through puberty much later compared to other kids.
- They tend to gain weight really easily.
- Their skin and hair tend to be dry most of the time.
- It’s common seeing them go through muscle cramps on a regular basis.
- Kids and teens who have hypothyroidism will have issues with mental developments in the early years.
- The menstrual flow will be increased in girls with hypothyroidism.
How to Diagnose Hyperthyroidism?
If you feel like you have seen these symptoms in your infants or kids then the next step is to diagnose the issue. There are many ways a doctor might be able to diagnose hypothyroidism in kids and teens.
- They might take a physical exam of your kids
- A blood test can also be taken from them to test these things
- Doctors can also take a scan of the body
If some of these tests show that there are high levels of thyroid stimulation and very low levels of hormones, that it might be an indication that the kids might have hypothyroidism. This is why these things need to be taken seriously if they even happen to your kids and teens.
What are the Various types of Causes?
There are some risk factors involved that might lead to hypothyroidism, let’s have a look:
- If kids have a family history of people with thyroid disease, there might be a possibility that the kids might get it too.
- If kids have autoimmune diseases, the chances of hypothyroidism are also possible.
- If kids have been taking some supplements or medicines that might be affecting their thyroid, the risk of having hypothyroidism increases.
- If they have had surgery for thyroid in the past.
Though it might not seem like big issue hypothyroidism is a disease you have to take note of, whenever you see any symptoms in your kids.
You might not be taking it too serious but issues like this can get big real fast. Take note of all the things we have mentioned in the article. They can come handy when in need.
If nothing else is helping, you can always go to a pediatric endocrinologist in Hyderabad, who are a highly qualified specialist when it comes to disease in kids.