Any student who is doing his/her higher studies will certainly get a thesis to write. Maintaining a proper structure in a thesis helps the writer to make the paper comprehensible. In a thesis paper, the writer needs to present an argument and gradually establish it by including supporting information. Now, without a proper structure, it is not possible for the writer to build his/her claim or argument in the thesis paper. This is why it is necessary for every student to know the correct format of a thesis.

Here is how one should structure a thesis paper:

  • Abstract

In this section, one needs to include a short summary of the entire thesis paper. It should be written in a way so that the readers get intrigued about going through the entire paper.

  • Introduction

As the name suggests, the introduction makes the readers aware of the main topic. Here, a well-structured and well-written thesis statement should be included. It informs the readers about the writer’s position on the given topic.

  • Literature review

In the literature review, one has to show his/her knowledge of past studies or research work done on the topic. This section also reveals the gap in the previous studies, which the current research will attempt to fill. The writer must attempt to evaluate all the previous studies and look for areas where one can do research to fill the gap in knowledge.

  • Methods

This section includes the methods, which chosen to do the research work. Other than this, it should also be mentioned why the specific methods were chosen. A few questions to consider are what, where, when, how and why one did what he/she did to receive the results.

  • Results

Here, the thesis help experts write the results that were obtained from the research conducted. They outline what they found that is linked with the research questions or hypotheses. Texts, figures, charts, tables, etc. can be used to write the results found.

  • Discussion

In this part, the writer needs to comment on the results, explains what was found from the research, puts the results in a broader context, and also discusses the unexpected results.

  • Conclusion

In the last paragraph of the thesis paper, the writer focuses on writing if the objective of the research has been achieved or not. Other than this, the most important points of the research work are also highlighted, and suggestions for future research work on the same topic are also included in the conclusion.

One should include all the above sections and in the same order to properly structure a thesis paper.