We power our living habitat using energy. Then again are we aware of the security of all the electrical fixtures? Around 30 to 32 thousand electrical-fires take place each year, with a soaring rate of death cases related to electrocution. This survey rate is as per the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission. We can avoid these unfortunate mishaps that occur due to electrocution, short-circuit, or fire-hazard owing to electricity lapses. Various useful precautionary tips to protect our living space are readily available.
Any broken otherwise defective electric-wiring of the equipment leads to 65 to 70 percent of an electrical fire. Likewise, the light-fittings, bulbs, cables, multiple plugging, changers, along with many kinds of power straps, are very vulnerable elements catching electrical-fire, owing to the short circuit. The National Fire Protection Association records numerous such incidents although they have come up with precautionary measures.
Prevent most electrical fire hazards by following these electricity preventive measures.
1. Replace and repair the electrical cords regularly
The damaged or broken power cords act as a severe residential electrical hazard. And, they cause undue electrocution and hazardous fire risks. Check all the extensions and the power cords to identify any signs of cracks or frays. If found, repair or replace these immediately.
Never staple the power cords on the edges of the walls or windows, carpets, and utility cabinets. The cables under the rugs or the carpets cause the chances of tripping, and also over-heating. Moreover, the heavy kitchen cabinets tend to damage the insulation inside the power cords or wires.
Get hold of a professional electrician to gain knowledge on the electrical safety measures. Never try your hands on fixing the additional electrical outlets. Moreover, while purchasing the electric cables, ponder over the total power-load, those as mentioned above can sustain. Remember that an electric cable with 16 AWG (American wire gauge) load, handles around 1,375 watts. And, for heavier electrical loads, you should use a 12 or 14 AWG power cord.
2. Use electrical equipment and fittings with the right wattage
Always use the right light-bulb to cut-down on electrical glitches. Check-out all the lamps, electrical-accessories, to safeguard the usage of correct wattage.
When any light fitting has no correct wattage, you should make use of 60-watt light bulbs, or even less. And for the ceilings, fix the 25-watt light bulbs. Go for LED bulbs for your house, as they use minimum energy and lessen the danger of overheating. Get to know about the LED light benefits to make a stoic decision on the same.
3. Store the power cord tidily and securely
Store the power cord safely after every use. It prevents it from getting damaged further. Keep the cords at bay from children and pets, as they might play with them. Avoid wrapping the power cords firmly round the electrical-objects. It results in over-heating, as well as wire stretching. Also, do not place a cable on any hot platform. It is a preventive measure against the insulation of these power cords and other wires.
4. Keep a watch over the overloaded outlets
When an electrical outlet overloads, there are more chances of electrical glitches. You should check all the outlets, ensuring that they are cool enough to touch.
Put the protective face-plates on the switchboards as an extra protective measure. Make sure these work in proper order. As per ESFI, there are specific simple electrical outlet safety measures such as –
- Never use any multiple-plug outlets or the extension cord for the electrical equipment.
- Plug a single heat-producing appliance into the electrical outlet.
- Cater to the qualified electricians to check the hot outlets.
- The power-strips generally add-on to the outlets and never alter the extent of energy from what it receives.
- Using the smart-plugs for shutting down these appliances when it begins to overheat.
5. Keep the electrical appliances away from water
It is a well-known fact that water and electricity never go hand-in-hand. And for following the electrical safety rules, you should always keep the electric appliances dry.
Moreover, keep them away from water, as it might damage the gadgets and lead to injuries or electrocution. Never work on any electrical devices with bare hands. Place these gadgets a few meters away from the potted plants, kitchen sink, tubs, or shower-zones. It cuts down the risk of electricity and water coming into direct contact.
6. Cater to proper air-circulation and overheating
Electrical equipment tends to overheat and experience many cuts when there is improper air circulation, which might turn out as a fire threat. Be extra cautious about all these, and ensure that this equipment utilizes correct air circulation.
Never operate any electrical-appliances in kitchen shelves. Store away the inflammable items. Be attentive to the gas-oven or electric-dryer. Place the same, a foot away to make sure of safety.
Are you aware of what is the ‘set’ temperature of the geyser? Do remember that maximum temperature settings consume maximum electricity. It also causes extensive electricity-burns and accidental sweltering. Moreover, never operate the portable heaters near curtains and to avoid power-tipping, place it on an even surface.
Keep the combustible machines, at a distance, from these heaters and other in-built furnaces. For additional safety, store these, at a range from all the heating-systems.
7. Reduce the potential hazards by unplugging the equipment
We often overlook in disconnecting the electrical-gadgets when not in use. Make sure that you unplug the electrical appliances, after every use. It saves energy owing to the reduction in the phantom-drain. In simple terms, it reduces the power the electrical device uses while not in active usage. But, once you unplug the idle apparatus, it likewise shields all, against getting overheated or experiencing energy surge.
With the progress in technology, all concerned companies manufacture electrical-gadgets by in-built smart plugs. It offers an exceptional solution for electricity saving and setting of the power schedules for every individual outlet.
From lighting the houses to operating your electrical gadgets – electricity stands to be an incredible force. Practice these electrical safety measures at home to lower the risk of any mishaps, accidents, or over-working of the electrical systems. Make it a point to consult the professionals when you are not sure about fixing any electrical equipment and outlet. Keep all the seven above-discussed safety tips in mind to protect your heavenly abode and your loved ones.