Shipping any material from one place to another place requires proper packaging, coupled with adequate measures taken to ensure that goods are transported with safety. The transportation of bulk cargo can be done through any medium like land, sea and air. This safety and precautionary measures double at the time of shipping dangerous goods. Generally, goods are labelled as dangerous when they inherent hazardous properties, which if not controlled, can cause potential threat and risk to the living beings and the surrounding ecosystem. Based on the hazardous nature it has classes, sub-classes and divisions which also decides the shipping criteria that need to be followed during the transportation of these goods.
These precautionary steps can be taken:
Know about dangerous goods:
Whenever any shipper or transporter is carrying any goods, they must be aware of about the nature of goods they are dealing and the inherent threat it entails and regulations to be followed while transporting it. Even products like perfumes, nail polish, tennis ball, paints might apparently be harmless, but these are listed under hazardous category. The dangerous impacts of these goods are manifold like some can explode when comes into contact with heat, some can react dangerously with water, some emits toxic fumes while others include acidic or caustic burning of the skin tissues. The shippers must be aware of all the properties of the good and must display proper labels and documents at the time of shipment.
Follow the necessary regulations for dangerous goods:
Transportation of dangerous goods is a strictly regulated process, and each mode of transportation had laid down a specific regulation as stakes are involved at every step. When transporting any dangerous material through the sea, it is governed by ‘The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code’ (IMDG Code). The IMDG Code is an international parameter accepted worldwide and is meant to protect the ship’s crew member and check marine pollution by dangerous goods, and ensure risk-free transportation. As far as air transportation is concerned, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) regulates the dangerous goods transportation in air. Thus, both domestic and international practices need to be implemented for transport regulations.
Follow proper packaging and protocols:
Following proper packaging and protocols are vital for avoiding cargo damages, and in the case of dangerous goods, additional measures should be implemented. The packaging of dangerous goods must have sufficient lashing, and cushioning to prevent leakage in the cargo. If packed in combination with non-dangerous goods, then everything needs to secured, braced and tied properly for transportation. Additionally, hazardous goods must be kept in a place where it is easily accessible and reached in the time of emergency.
Train the staff to handle dangerous goods transportation:
Awareness is vital while transporting dangerous goods. Every staff of the organization, including handlers, packers, operators, checkers, truckers and approvers must have dangerous goods training, to comprehend the importance of transporting these goods with added safety measures.
Select a suitable packaging for dangerous goods:
Whenever you are transporting any dangerous goods, make sure to use a proper container, packaging mechanism and always exhibit a label. Avoid using reused cartons or drums and previous packaging levels. Coming to the labelling of the dangerous goods, there should be appropriate labels in both inner and outer shipping container. The goods must have the IMDG Code of the cargo to indicate the risk category and level of danger. Alongside, dangerous goods also need to have documentation regarding hazardous material shipments. The document list includes DG Request, MSDS, DG Manifest, DG Packing List/Declaration, Trem Card and many more depending upon the category of goods. The documentation and labelling can help in suitable packaging for dangerous goods.
You can understand from the above details that shipping dangerous goods falls under a specialized category, and every parameter needs to be addressed and considered with dangerous goods training.