What is Septoplasty?
Septoplasty is the surgery to straighten a deviated or crooked nasal septum. A nasal septum is made up of cartilage or bone which is about 2.5-3 inches long in adults and located inside the nose that separates it into two nostrils.
When the septum is crooked or bent instead of straight, it is known as a deviated septum. The deviated septum can occur due to an injury or it can also occur naturally.
Why is Septoplasty necessary?
Sometimes, people with deviated septum complain that they have difficulty breathing. A deviated septum can cause a nasal obstruction within the nose that results in this condition. In such instances, a septoplasty is a procedure to straighten the deformity of the septum between the two sides of the nose.
A septoplasty is usually performed for the following reasons-
- Improved airflow inside the nose
- Restrict nasal bleeding
- Enhance the visualization inside the nose to identify other problems
- Promote drainage of the sinuses
How a Septoplasty is performed?
The doctor recommends septoplasty only after proper diagnosis of the deviated septum. During a physical examination, the doctor looks inside the nose and performs a nasal endoscopy. Followed by this, a CT scan is also suggested.
Once the diagnosis is complete, the patient is scheduled for the septoplasty. The whole procedure takes from 30 to 90 minutes to complete and the whole surgery is performed under the influence of anesthesia.
In this procedure, the surgeon makes a cut on either side of the nose to access the septum. Then the doctor lifts up the mucus membrane and the deviated septum is straightened. Either the extra pieces of bone or cartilage is removed or added. After this, the doctor again replaces the mucus membrane. The doctor places a nasal pack to reduce bleeding.
How long does it take to fully recover after septoplasty?
After deviated septum surgery, it usually takes two to five days for a patient to fully recover. After 2-5 days after the surgery, a patient is able to resume work. However, he or she should talk to the doctor first.
How to take care of yourself after septoplasty?
Before the discharge, ensure that you clear all the doubts related to wound and recovery with the doctor. Some of the things you should ask about are-
- How to take care of the nose after surgery
- Amount of physical activity that is allowed
- Restrictions on driving
- Warning signs and symptoms to look out for
- Medication changes and proper dosage
- Permitted exercises
- Pain management
Once you reach home after discharge, you should follow the below-mentioned measures to soothe out the pain and discomfort.
- On the first day, rest properly throughout the day.
- Do not rub or touch the nose even by mistake.
- Even if you feel like doing it, do not blow your nose.
- Sneeze only through the mouth instead of the nose.
- Apply an ice pack or few ice cubes wrapped in clean cloth or towel.
- Put two pillows under the ear when you sleep at night.
- Avoid activities that involve bending over or playing any sports.
- Do not go to dusty or smoky places.
- Avoid taking a shower within 24 hours of the surgery.
- Stay indoors. If possible, do not go to any crowded places.
- Avoid putting any pressure on the face while performing straining activities.
What are the possible Risks and Complications of Septoplasty?
All surgeries involve some kind of unsuccessful results, complications, or injury from both known or unknown reasons. But every patient has the right to know about the potential complications that can occur when something goes wrong. So far the following complications have been noticed-
- Due to failure to straighten the septum or deviation of the septum, there can be possible chances of nasal obstruction.
- Inability to cure coexisting sinus issues, including headache, or polyps which requires additional surgery.
- Possible risk of bleeding.
- Failure to improve respiratory illnesses.
- Leakage of brain fluid or infection.
- Prolonged pain after the surgery.
- Perforation of the nasal septum.
People in Gurgaon can visit Pristyn Care clinics where they can opt for a septoplasty with minimal postoperative pain as well as the risk of infections.