When shipping Full Container Loads (FCL), the price is, at least in my experience, set almost exclusively according to the first option.
Note Sino: The price of an FCL shipment obviously depends on the destination, both in terms of distance and freight volume.
Below are some samples of FCL 20 ” prices for various destinations in the United States, the EU, Australia and Asia:
The malice of the forwarders:
What the freight forwarder does not tell you is the local charges, which combined can cost three to five times more than “freight charges”. In the industry, it’s called a “kickback rate”, and it’s very common.
Low freight cost, but very high local costs. Yet importers are being trapped repeatedly.
Essentially, freight forwarders are pushed to apply these practices, as importing from China are quick to reject an appropriate freight quote because it is much more expensive than a quote based on wine.
I can not find a single good reason not to buy insurance. Many suppliers use inexpensive, substandard export packaging, and few buyers go to the trouble of setting specific quality requirements – or even checking the package before shipping.
Warning: Without insurance, no compensation is paid by the freight forwarder, in case the cargo is damaged during transport.
Most freight forwarders use PingAn to insure the goods, which charge 0.02%, based on 110% of the FOB price. Assuming you purchase $ 50,000 worth of goods, the insurance will only cost you US $ 110.
It’s a fair market if you ask me. In my experience, the claims are quite simple to make, and the insurance company is usually content with photos and a protocol listing the quantity and value of the damaged property.
Delivery of documents
The buyer is required to pay all “additional shipping charges”, including delivery of the bill of lading, commercial invoice, packing list and other required documents, such as Form A or Certificate of Sale. native country. A delivery by FedEx or DHL of the mentioned documents will cost you 40 to 50 US dollars.
Local rates (destination port)
Local charges are often an extremely unpleasant surprise for importers who import for the first time. As mentioned earlier, the practice of hidden freight rates among freight forwarders allows suppliers to offer extremely low shipping prices, while actual profits are made upon arrival at the port of destination.
Note SIAM: When shipping FCL, local charges are fixed per container rather than per cubic meter. I do not have price data for each port, but the fees vary between $ 500 and $ 1,000 per container.
However, it’s only for FCL. When shipping from LCL, local charges are calculated on the basis of volume, set in cubic meters. The increase in prices is logarithmic, to the point that a shipment of 15 to 17 cubic meters of LCL is just as costly as a shipment of FCL 20 “, the latter offering a total volume of 29 cubic meters.
Inland transport (from the port of destination to the final address)
Finally, there is the transportation from the port of destination to your warehouse. Final delivery can be by truck, train or a combination of both. The price depends entirely on your proximity to the warehouse and the country, so I can not offer you a price estimate.