Do many people want to know about what is the umbilical cord? Here you will find the basic idea about the umbilical cord and its use. The umbilical cord forms during pregnancy as a connection between mother and baby to provide the fetus with everything they need to grow. The umbilical cord offers one more chance to give life immediately after birth.
An umbilical cord is about half a meter long at the full term, a length allowing the baby to move around safely. It consists of two small arteries and a larger vein. The arteries carry blood from the fetus to the placenta, while the vein carries blood to the fetus from the placenta.
The umbilical cord is cut at birth and the remaining bit becomes the button on the belly. During your pregnancy, the umbilical cord transported nutrients from you to your baby.
The umbilical cord connects from the placenta to the abdomen of the baby, which is connected to the uterus of the mother in turn. The placenta is responsible for the production of pregnancy hormones and the hosting of important nutritional exchanges between the blood supply of the mother and the baby.
Small blood vessels carry the fetal blood through the placenta, which is filled with maternal blood. Nutrients and oxygen are carried from the mother’s blood to the fetal blood and waste are transported back to the maternal blood – all without any mixing between the two blood supplies.
After birth, the placenta detaches from the uterus and is expelled. Now your baby has a purplish-blue stump that is about a half-inch to an inch long. It will take some time (approximately 1-2 weeks) before the stump dries up and falls off. It will take a little care and attention to prevent irritation and infection.
After the baby is born and the umbilical cord is cut, there is blood left over in the umbilical cord and placenta. The baby no longer needs this extra blood.
Cord blood is the remaining blood of the umbilical cord after the birth of the baby. It contains all the elements of blood and is also rich in stem cells. These stem cells can be stored and used for the treatment of more than 80 different life-threatening diseases. The cord blood collected from the umbilical cord can be stored in a cryogenic storage compartment below the temperature of -196°C in a family cord blood bank. It is extracted when a family member needed the stem cells for the treatment of a sibling or any immediate family member.
Author Bio: Navya Sharma has been associated with the health industry for a long time. In her leisure, she loves writing articles. Through her articles, you can obtain knowledge on various stem cell preservation, Stem cell banking, cord blood banking.